World Malaria day, 25 April
Published: 25.04.12 Updated: 25.04.2012 12:15:08
The World health Organisation (WHO) reports a steady decrease of malaria cases in WHO European Region from 90 712 in 1995 to 102 in 2011. The aim of this day is to increase attention to the effective control measures against malaria. A steady decrease has been observed in imported cases of malaria in Norway too.
Since 2008 all malaria-affected countries in the WHO European region have revised their national strategies with a main goal to reach elimination of malaria by 2015. A country that has had zero locally acquired malaria cases for at least three consecutive years can ask WHO to certify it as malaria free. WHO has certified four countries – Morocco, Turkmenistan, Armenia and Kazakhstan – as malaria free since 2010. Georgia is about to start the certification process.
Globally 99 countries have continuing malaria transmission; 3.3 billion people are at risk of infection. WHO estimates that about 216 million cases (range: 537 000- 907 000) occurred in 2010. Most of the cases (86%) occur among children under 5 years, 90% of malaria deaths occur in the WHO African Region.
There are approximately 125 million travellers form non-endemic to malaria endemic countries annually, of these 10 000 – 30 000 get infected. It is highly recommended to use insecticides, mosquito nets and prophylaxis with anti-malaria medications.